Antibiotics Off the Menu Coalition calls on Wendy’s to end antibiotic overuse in beef supply

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Matt Wellington

Former Director, Public Health Campaigns, U.S. PIRG Education Fund

Groups urge burger giant to join competitors such as McDonald’s and Shake Shack in doing their part to combat drug-resistant bacteria

U.S. PIRG Education Fund

DUBLIN, Ohio — As Wendy’s shareholders gather for their annual meeting, a group of national consumer and public health organizations is urging the company to adopt a policy to end antibiotic overuse in its beef supply chain. The Antibiotics Off the Menu coalition delivered a letter signed by more than 60 stakeholder groups asking the third-largest burger chain in the United States to join competitors such as McDonald’s and use its buying power to help stem the rise and spread of drug-resistant bacteria.

 “Antibiotic-resistant superbugs are a deadly threat to public health. Companies such as Wendy’sthat buy beef in bulk should feel obliged to help solve that problem by cutting antibiotic use in their supply chains,” said Matt Wellington, Antibiotics Campaign Director at the U.S. PIRG Education Fund. “Wendy’s prides itself on sourcing quality ingredients, and that should include beef raised without routine antibiotic use.” 

The nation’s largest burger chain, McDonald’s, made a strong commitment to reduce medically important antibiotic use in its beef supply last December. And newer chains such as Shake Shack and BurgerFi already only serve beef raised without any antibiotics.

 In contrast, Wendy’s currently sources only 20 percent of its beef from producers that have committed to cut the use of just one medically important antibiotic by 20 percent. The company earned a D- on the annual Chain Reaction scorecard, which grades top burger franchises on antibiotic use in their beef supply chains.

 “Wendy’s can keep its hamburgers old-fashioned, but it’s time for the company to bring its antibiotics practices into the 21st century,” said Lena Brook, Director of Food Campaigns at the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC). “We know change is possible—we’ve seen it happen before when the fast-food restaurant industry took a stand on chicken. Wendy’s has a responsibility to its customers to use its market influence for good, before these lifesaving drugs stop working when sick people and animals need them.”

 A nationally representative survey of 1,014 adults conducted by Consumer Reports in 2018 found that 78 percent of respondents agreed that meat producers should stop giving antibiotics to animals that aren’t sick. Fifty-nine percent said they would be more likely to eat at a restaurant that serves meat raised without antibiotics.

 “Consumers are concerned about antibiotics losing their effectiveness and want restaurants and meat producers to adopt more responsible practices,” Meg Bohne, Associate Director of Campaigns for Consumer Reports. “Given its massive buying power, Wendy’s could help protect public health by requiring its beef suppliers to stop misusing these critical medications.”

The groups are calling on Wendy’s to adopt a time-bound antibiotic use reduction policy for all its U.S. beef supplies that prohibits the routine use of all medically important antibiotics. That policy should be verified by a neutral third-party. 

Approximately two-thirds of the medically important antibiotics sold in the United States go to livestock. Of those drugs, 42 percent go to the beef industry, more than any other meat sector. Producers often give these antibiotics to cattle to compensate for inadequate diets and stressful, overcrowded and unsanitary conditions on the industrial feedlots where nearly all U.S. cattle spend a portion of their lives. 

“Most chickens in the U.S are raised without routine antibiotics,” said Steve Roach, Food Safety Program Director of Food Animal Concerns Trust. “Pressure from Wendy’s will help move cattle producers to do the same. Cattle do not need routine antibiotics but feedlots will have to improve diets and eliminate the other conditions that lead to unnecessary antibiotic use”. The Infectious Diseases Society of America cites a new estimate that up to 162,000 Americans die from drug-resistant infections every year, making them the third leading cause of death in America behind heart disease and cancer.

The United Nations recently released a report that said without swift action to reduce antibiotic use, “deaths caused by infections from antibiotic-resistant bacteria will skyrocket over the next two decades.” The report references a study that predicts that by 2050, resistant infections will claim 10 million lives worldwide every year.

“If we continue to overuse antibiotics in human medicine and in agriculture, the drugs will lose their effectiveness and we will once again be powerless against dangerous bacteria,” said Laura Rogers, Deputy Director of the Antibiotic Resistance Action Center at the GW Milken Institute School Public Health. “A world without antibiotics is almost unimaginable – it would send us back to the days where even a simple cut to the knee could be life-threatening.”

Restaurant industry commitments to end antibiotics overuse have pushed the chicken market over the tipping point in just a few years. In 2018, more than 90 percent of chicken in the United States was raised without routine use of antibiotics identified as medically important by the Food and Drug Administration.




The Antibiotic Resistance Action Center (ARAC) was created to preserve the effectiveness of antibiotics

by engaging in research, advocacy, and science-based policy. ARAC is comprised of epidemiologists,

microbiologists, communications and policy experts focused on finding out-of-the box solutions to combat

antibiotic resistance. ARAC is part of the Milken Institute School of Public Health at the George

Washington University.


Consumer Reports is a nonprofit membership organization that works side by side with consumers to

create a fairer, safer, and healthier world. For 80 years, CR has provided evidence-based product testing

and ratings, rigorous research, hard-hitting investigative journalism, public education, and steadfast

policy action on behalf of consumers’ interests. Unconstrained by advertising or other commercial

influences, CR has exposed landmark public health and safety issues and strives to be a catalyst for pro-

consumer changes in the marketplace.


Food Animal Concerns Trust expands safe and humanely raised food options by supporting humane

farmers and advocating against antibiotic overuse and harmful drugs in farm animals. Our Humane

Farming Program invests in family farmers seeking to raise their animals humanely by providing them

with grants, scholarships, and webinars. Our Food Safety Program advocates for stronger corporate and

federal policies that eliminate the overuse of antibiotics and veterinary drugs known to be harmful to

consumers. Together they expand safe and humane practices on farms across the country.


The Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) is an international nonprofit environmental

organization with more than 3 million members and online activists. Since 1970, our lawyers, scientists,

and other environmental specialists have worked to protect the world’s natural resources, public health,

and the environment. NRDC has offices in New York City, Washington, D.C., Los Angeles, San

Francisco, Chicago, Bozeman, MT, and Beijing. Visit us at and follow us on Twitter



U.S. PIRG Education Fund is an independent, non-partisan group that works for consumers and the

public interest. Through research, public education and outreach, we serve as counterweights to the

influence of powerful special interests that threaten our health, safety or well-being.